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Radon Research

Radon Research is a resource featuring scientific papers and presentations on radon-related research.

NIH study offers insight into why cancer incidence increases with age

The accumulation of age-associated changes in a biochemical process that helps control genes may be responsible for some of the increased risk of cancer seen in older people, according to a National Institutes of Health study.

Scientists have known for years that age is a leading risk factor for the development of many types of cancer, but why aging increases cancer risk remains unclear. Researchers suspect that DNA methylation, or the binding of chemical tags, called methyl groups, onto DNA, may be involved. Methyl groups activate or silence genes, by affecting interactions between DNA and the cell’s protein-making machinery.

National and Regional Surveys of Radon Concentration in Dwellings

National and Regional Surveys of Radon Concentration in Dwellings

Authored by: International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2013.

View this resource online: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/IAEA-AQ-33_web.pdf

Home Energy Efficiency and Radon Related Risk of Lung Cancer: Modelling Study

Home energy efficiency and radon related risk of lung cancer: modelling study

Authored by:
Milner, J., Shrubsole, C., Das, P., Jones, B., Ridley, I., Chalabi, Z., Hamilton, I., Armstrong, B., Davies, M., and Wilkinson, P. (2014).

Read the full report here: http://www.bmj.com/content/348/bmj.f7493#alternate

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the effect of reducing home ventilation as part of household energy efficiency measures on deaths from radon related lung cancer.

Design Modelling study.

Setting England.

Intervention Home energy efficiency interventions, motivated in part by targets for reducing greenhouse gases, which entail reduction in uncontrolled ventilation in keeping with good practice guidance.

Occupational and Environmental Causes of Lung Cancer

Occupational and Environmental Causes of Lung Cancer

Authored by: Fields, R. and Withers, B. (2012)

Read the full report here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3875302/pdf/nihms-397865.pdf

The primary objective of this article is to provide a brief overview of the environmental and occupational lung carcinogens currently listed by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as known human lung carcinogens. Supplementary new information, with a focus on analytic epidemiologic studies that have become available since IARC’s most recent evaluation, is also discussed.

Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2010, Featuring Prevalence of Comorbidity and Impact on Survival Among Persons With Lung, Colorectal, Breast, or Prostate Cancer

Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2010, Featuring Prevalence of Comorbidity and Impact on Survival Among Persons With Lung, Colorectal, Breast, or Prostate Cancer

Authored by: Edwards, BK et al. (2013)

Read the full report here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.28509/pdf

Abstract:

Background

Results of CRCPD Blind Testing Report

A revised version of Double Blind Testing of Passive Radon Detectors for the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors (CRCPD) Committee on Radon (E-25) was released in June, 2013. The report was prepared by Ray Johnson, MS, SE, PE, FHPS, CHP, Consultant, and Craig Harris, Health Physicist.

Read the full report on CRCPD's official website: http://crcpd.org/Radon/BlindTesting/CRCPD%20Blind%20Testing%202013-06-19a%20complete.pdf

Background Information on this Double Blind Project:

Purpose

Review of low-energy construction, air tightness, ventilation strategies and indoor radon: results from Finnish houses and apartments

Review of low-energy construction, air tightness, ventilation strategies and indoor radon: results from Finnish houses and apartments

Authored by: Arvela, H., Holmgren, O., Reisbacka, H., and Vinha, J. (2013)

Abstract:

Lung Cancer Risk from Radon in Ontario, Canada: How Many Lung Cancers can we Prevent?

Lung Cancer Risk from Radon in Ontario, Canada: How Many Lung Cancers can we Prevent?

Authored by: Peterson E, Aker A, Kim J, Li Y, Brand K, Copes R.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:
To calculate the burden of lung cancer illness due to radon for all thirty-six health units in Ontario and determine the number of radon-attributable lung cancer deaths that could be prevented.

METHODS:
We calculated the population attributable risk percent, excess life-time risk ratio, life-years lost, the number of lung cancer deaths due to radon, and the number of deaths that could be prevented if all homes above various cut-points were effectively reduced to background levels.

RESULTS:

Categories:

Housing and Child Health

Housing and Child Health

Authored By: Weitzman M, Baten A, Rosenthal DG, Hoshino R, Tohn E, Jacobs DE.

Categories:

Radon Control Activities for Lung Cancer Prevention in National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program Plans, 2005–2011

Radon Control Activities for Lung Cancer Prevention in National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program Plans, 2005–2011

Authored By:Antonio Neri, MD, MPH; Sherri L. Stewart, PhD; William Angell, MS

Abstract:
Introduction
Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer among smokers and the leading cause among nonsmokers. The US Environmental Protection Agency recommends that every home be tested for radon. Comprehensive Cancer Control (CCC) programs develop cancer coalitions that coordinate funding and resources to focus on cancer activities that are recorded in cancer plans. Radon tests, remediation, and radon mitigation techniques are relatively inexpensive, but it is unclear whether coalitions recognize radon as an important carcinogen.

Methods

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